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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM
10-Q

(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period endedMarch 31, 2021
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     

Commission file number
001-13783
https://cdn.kscope.io/bb78b7f4bcf959872e4b7caf30772d62-iesc-20210331_g1.gif
IES Holdings, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)




Delaware76-0542208
(State or other jurisdiction of(I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)Identification No.)
5433 Westheimer Road, Suite 500, Houston, Texas 77056
(Address of principal executive offices and zip code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (713860-1500
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol     Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share
IESC
NASDAQ Global Market
Rights to Purchase Preferred Stock
IESC
NASDAQ Global Market


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).     Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No
On April 28, 2021, there were 20,840,382 shares of common stock outstanding.

1


IES HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
INDEX
Page

2



PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

DEFINITIONS

In this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, the words “IES”, the “Company”, the “Registrant”, “we”, “our”, “ours” and “us” refer to IES Holdings, Inc. and, except as otherwise specified herein, to our subsidiaries.

DISCLOSURE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q includes certain statements that may be deemed “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, all of which are based upon various estimates and assumptions that the Company believes to be reasonable as of the date hereof. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “may,” “will,” “could,” “should,” “expect,” “plan,” “project,” “intend,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “seek,” “estimate,” “predict,” “potential,” “pursue,” “target,” “continue,” the negative of such terms or other comparable terminology. These statements involve risks and uncertainties that could cause the Company’s actual future outcomes to differ materially from those set forth in such statements. Such risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to:

the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak or future epidemics on our business, including the potential for new or continuing job site closures or work stoppages, supply chain disruptions, delays in awarding new project bids, construction delays, reduced demand for our services, delays in our ability to collect from our customers, or illness of management or other employees;

competition in the industries in which we operate, both from third parties and former employees, which could result in the loss of one or more customers or lead to lower margins on new projects;

our ability to successfully manage projects, the cost and availability of qualified labor and the ability to maintain positive labor relations, and our ability to pass along increases in the cost of commodities used in our business, in particular, copper, aluminum, steel, fuel and certain plastics;

potential supply chain disruptions due to credit or liquidity problems faced by our suppliers;

our ability to enter into, and the terms of, future contracts;

the inability to carry out plans and strategies as expected, including the inability to identify and complete acquisitions that meet our investment criteria in furtherance of our corporate strategy, or the subsequent underperformance of those acquisitions;

challenges integrating new businesses into the Company or new types of work, products or processes into our segments;

a general reduction in the demand for our services;

backlog that may not be realized or may not result in profits;

closures or sales of facilities resulting in significant future charges, including potential warranty losses or other unexpected liabilities, or a significant disruption of our operations;

an increased cost of surety bonds affecting margins on work and the potential for our surety providers to refuse bonding or require additional collateral at their discretion;

fluctuations in operating activity due to downturns in levels of construction or the housing market, seasonality and differing regional economic conditions;

increases in bad debt expense and days sales outstanding due to liquidity problems faced by our customers;

accidents resulting from the physical hazards associated with our work and the potential for accidents;

the possibility that our current insurance coverage may not be adequate or that we may not be able to obtain policies at acceptable rates;

3


the effect of litigation, claims and contingencies, including warranty losses, damages or other latent defect claims in excess of our existing reserves and accruals;

interruptions to our information systems and cyber security or data breaches;

liabilities under laws and regulations protecting the environment;

loss of key personnel and effective transition of new management, or inability to transfer, renew and obtain electrical and other licenses;

the possibility that certain tax benefits of our net operating losses may be restricted or reduced in a change in ownership or a change in the federal tax rate;

the recognition of tax benefits related to uncertain tax positions and the potential for disagreements with taxing authorities with regard to tax positions we have adopted;

the potential recognition of valuation allowances or write-downs on deferred tax assets;

limitations on the availability of sufficient credit or cash flow to fund our working capital needs and capital expenditures, complete acquisitions, and for debt service;

credit and capital market conditions, including changes in interest rates that affect the cost of construction financing and mortgages, and the inability of some of our customers to retain sufficient financing, which could lead to project delays or cancellations;

difficulty in fulfilling the covenant terms of our revolving credit facility, including liquidity, and other financial requirements, which could result in a default and acceleration of any indebtedness we may incur under our revolving credit facility;

inaccurate estimates used when entering into fixed-priced contracts, the possibility of errors when estimating revenue and progress to date on percentage-of-completion contracts, and complications associated with the incorporation of new accounting, control and operating procedures;

uncertainties inherent in estimating future operating results, including revenues, operating income or cash flow;

the recognition of potential goodwill, long-lived assets and other investment impairments;

the phase-out, replacement or unavailability of the London Interbank Offered Rate ("LIBOR");

the existence of a controlling shareholder, who has the ability to take action not aligned with other shareholders or could dispose of all or any portion of the shares of our common stock it holds, which could trigger certain change of control provisions in a number of our material agreements, including our financing and surety arrangements and our executive severance plan, as well as exercisability of the purchase rights under our tax benefit protection plan;

the relatively low trading volume of our common stock, as a result of which it could be more difficult for shareholders to sell a substantial number of shares for the same price at which shareholders could sell a smaller number of shares;

the possibility that we issue additional shares of common stock, preferred stock or convertible securities that will dilute the percentage ownership interest of existing stockholders and may dilute the value per share of our common stock;

the potential for substantial sales of our common stock, which could adversely affect our stock price;

the possibility that our internal controls over financial reporting and our disclosure controls and procedures may not prevent all possible errors that could occur; and

other factors discussed elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

4


You should understand that the foregoing, as well as other risk factors discussed in this document and those listed in Part I, Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020, could cause future outcomes to differ materially from those experienced previously or those expressed in such forward-looking statements. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any information, including without limitation information concerning our controlling stockholder, net operating losses, borrowing availability or cash position, or any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances that may arise after the date of this report. Forward-looking statements are provided in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q pursuant to the safe harbor established under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and should be evaluated in the context of the estimates, assumptions, uncertainties and risks described herein.
5


Item 1. Financial Statements
IES HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In Thousands, Except Share Information)

March 31,September 30,
20212020
(Unaudited)
ASSETS
CURRENT ASSETS:
Cash and cash equivalents$37,520 $53,577 
Restricted cash4,813  
Accounts receivable:
Trade, net of allowance of $1,064 and $2,613, respectively
208,784 213,016 
Retainage36,806 40,878 
Inventories38,908 24,889 
Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings24,239 29,937 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets14,692 9,153 
Total current assets365,762 371,450 
Property and equipment, net28,731 24,589 
Goodwill75,327 53,763 
Intangible assets, net73,325 39,357 
Deferred tax assets25,531 33,803 
Operating right of use assets40,372 31,786 
Other non-current assets6,604 5,780 
Total assets$615,652 $560,528 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
CURRENT LIABILITIES:
Accounts payable and accrued expenses191,328 186,710 
Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings60,257 55,739 
Total current liabilities251,585 242,449 
Long-term debt140 217 
Operating long-term lease liabilities26,923 20,530 
Other non-current liabilities14,840 12,215 
Total liabilities293,488 275,411 
Noncontrolling interest13,629 1,804 
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY:
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 10,000,000 shares authorized, none issued
and outstanding  
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 100,000,000 shares authorized; 22,049,529
issued and 20,838,844 and 20,762,395 outstanding, respectively
220 220 
Treasury stock, at cost, 1,210,685 and 1,287,134 shares, respectively
(23,639)(24,499)
Additional paid-in capital200,732 200,587 
Retained earnings131,222 107,005 
Total stockholders’ equity308,535 283,313 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$615,652 $560,528 


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

6


IES HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(In Thousands, Except Share Information)
(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
Revenues$331,961 $291,277 
Cost of services267,087 240,013 
Gross profit64,874 51,264 
Selling, general and administrative expenses47,655 42,036 
Contingent consideration73 — 
Loss (gain) on sale of assets18 (1)
Operating income17,128 9,229 
Interest and other (income) expense:
Interest expense225 320 
Other (income) expense, net(51)268 
Income from operations before income taxes16,954 8,641 
Provision for income taxes3,611 2,428 
Net income13,343 6,213 
Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest(507)18 
Comprehensive income attributable to IES Holdings, Inc.$12,836 $6,231 
Earnings per share attributable to common stockholders of IES Holdings, Inc.:
Basic$0.59$0.30
Diluted$0.58$0.29
Shares used in the computation of earnings per share:
Basic20,780,00620,847,245
Diluted21,071,05921,122,310


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


7



IES HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(In Thousands, Except Share Information)
(Unaudited)

Six Months Ended March 31,
20212020
Revenues$646,799 $567,320 
Cost of services523,246 465,841 
Gross profit123,553 101,479 
Selling, general and administrative expenses90,441 79,908 
Contingent consideration73  
Loss (gain) on sale of assets8 (37)
Operating income33,031 21,608 
Interest and other (income) expense:
Interest expense397 559 
Other (income) expense, net(169)409 
Income from operations before income taxes32,803 20,640 
Provision for income taxes7,250 5,897 
Net income25,553 14,743 
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest(619)(10)
Comprehensive income attributable to IES Holdings, Inc.$24,934 $14,733 
Earnings per share attributable to common stockholders of IES Holdings, Inc.:
Basic$1.18$0.70
Diluted$1.16$0.69
Shares used in the computation of earnings (loss) per share:
Basic20,756,87920,865,460
Diluted21,059,08821,132,519


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

8


IES HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity (unaudited)
(In Thousands, Except Share Information)

Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
Common StockTreasury StockRetained EarningsTotal Stockholders' Equity
SharesAmountSharesAmountAdditional Paid-In Capital
BALANCE, December 31, 202022,049,529 $220 (1,279,545)$(24,984)$201,219 $119,007 $295,462 
Issuances under compensation plans— — 68,860 1,345 (1,345)— — 
Non-cash compensation— — — — 858 — 858 
Increase in noncontrolling interest— — — — — (621)(621)
Net income attributable to IES Holdings, Inc.— — — — — 12,836 12,836 
BALANCE, March 31, 202122,049,529 $220 (1,210,685)$(23,639)$200,732 $131,222 $308,535 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2020
Common StockTreasury StockRetained EarningsTotal Stockholders' Equity
SharesAmountSharesAmountAdditional Paid -In Capital
BALANCE, December 31, 201922,049,529 $220 (826,353)$(11,998)$192,499 $74,057 $254,778 
Issuances under compensation plans— — 21,171 308 (308)— — 
Acquisition of treasury stock— — (178,431)(4,037) — (4,037)
Options exercised— — 5,750 84 (50)— 34 
Non-cash compensation— — — — 754 — 754 
Decrease in noncontrolling interest— — — — — 45 45 
Net income attributable to IES Holdings, Inc.— — — — — 6,231 6,231 
BALANCE, March 31, 202022,049,529 $220 (977,863)$(15,643)$192,895 $80,333 $257,805 


Six Months Ended March 31, 2021
Common StockTreasury StockRetained EarningsTotal Stockholders' Equity
SharesAmountSharesAmountAdditional Paid -In Capital
BALANCE, September 30, 202022,049,529 $220 (1,287,134)$(24,499)$200,587 $107,005 $283,313 
Issuances under compensation plans— — 107,327 2,086 (2,086)— — 
Acquisition of treasury stock— — (30,878)(1,226)531 — (695)
Non-cash compensation— — — 1,700 — 1,700 
Increase in noncontrolling interest— — — — — (503)(503)
Cumulative effect adjustment from adoption of new accounting standard— — — — — (214)(214)
Net income attributable to IES Holdings, Inc.— — — — — 24,934 24,934 
BALANCE, March 31, 202122,049,529 $220 (1,210,685)$(23,639)$200,732 $131,222 $308,535 

Six Months Ended March 31, 2020
Common StockTreasury StockRetained EarningsTotal Stockholders' Equity
SharesAmountSharesAmountAdditional Paid -In Capital
BALANCE, September 30, 201922,049,529 $220 (884,518)$(12,483)$192,911 $65,600 $246,248 
Issuances under compensation plans— — 116,580 1,650 (1,650)— — 
Acquisition of treasury stock— — (215,675)(4,894) (4,894)
Options exercised— — 5,750 84 (50)— 34 
Non-cash compensation— — — — 1,684 — 1,684 
Net income attributable to IES Holdings, Inc.— — — — — 14,733 14,733 
BALANCE, March 31, 202022,049,529 $220 (977,863)$(15,643)$192,895 $80,333 $257,805 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
9


IES HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In Thousands)
(Unaudited)

Six Months Ended March 31,
20212020
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
Net income$25,553 $14,743 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Bad debt expense61 281 
Deferred financing cost amortization94 204 
Depreciation and amortization9,848 5,597 
Loss (gain) on sale of assets8 (37)
Non-cash compensation expense1,700 1,684 
Deferred income taxes5,433 4,543 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable11,943 8,595 
Inventories(9,771)(220)
Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings5,699 2,847 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets1,053 (8,942)
Other non-current assets(83)1,543 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses(9,324)(2,035)
Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings4,518 4,113 
Other non-current liabilities1,626 (195)
Net cash provided by operating activities48,358 32,721 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
Purchases of property and equipment(3,004)(2,898)
Proceeds from sale of assets68 53 
Cash paid in conjunction with business combinations(55,468)(28,952)
Net cash used in investing activities(58,404)(31,797)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
Borrowings of debt584,483 592,422 
Repayments of debt(584,495)(563,093)
Cash paid for finance leases(240)(71)
Distribution to noncontrolling interest(251)(457)
Purchase of treasury stock(695)(4,894)
Options exercised 34 
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities(1,198)23,941 
NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH(11,244)24,865 
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH, beginning of period53,577 18,934 
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH, end of period$42,333 $43,799 
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION:
Cash paid for interest$262 $410 
Cash paid for income taxes (net)$2,182 $522 


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
10



IES HOLDINGS, INC.
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(All Amounts in Thousands Except Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)
1. BUSINESS AND ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Description of the Business

IES Holdings, Inc. is a holding company that owns and manages operating subsidiaries that design and install integrated electrical and technology systems and provide infrastructure products and services across a variety of end-markets, including data centers, residential housing and commercial and industrial facilities. Our operations are organized into four principal business segments, based upon the nature of our services:

Communications – Nationwide provider of technology infrastructure services, including the design, build, and maintenance of the communications infrastructure within data centers for co-location and managed hosting customers, for both large corporations and independent businesses.
Residential – Regional provider of electrical installation services for single-family housing and multi-family apartment complexes.
Infrastructure Solutions – Provider of electro-mechanical solutions for industrial operations, including apparatus repair and custom-engineered products, such as generator enclosures, to be used in data centers and other industrial applications.
Commercial & Industrial – Provider of electrical and mechanical design, construction, and maintenance services to the commercial and industrial markets in various regional markets and nationwide in certain areas of expertise, such as the power infrastructure market and data centers.

The words “IES”, the “Company”, “we”, “our”, and “us” refer to IES Holdings, Inc. and, except as otherwise specified herein, to our consolidated subsidiaries.

Seasonality and Quarterly Fluctuations

Results of operations from our Residential segment can be seasonal, depending on weather trends, with typically higher revenues generated during spring and summer and lower revenues generated during fall and winter. The Commercial & Industrial, Communications and Infrastructure Solutions segments of our business are less subject to seasonal trends, as work in these segments generally is performed inside structures protected from the weather, although weather can still impact these businesses, especially in the early stages of projects. From quarter to quarter, results for our Communications, Residential, and Commercial & Industrial segments may be materially affected by the timing of new construction projects, and our volume of business may be adversely affected by declines in construction projects resulting from adverse regional or national economic conditions. Quarterly results for our Infrastructure Solutions segment may be affected by the timing of outages at our customers’ facilities. Accordingly, operating results for any fiscal period are not necessarily indicative of results that may be achieved for any subsequent fiscal period.

Basis of Financial Statement Preparation

The accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of IES, our wholly-owned subsidiaries, and entities that we control due to ownership of a majority of voting interest and have been prepared in accordance with the instructions to interim financial reporting as prescribed by the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). The results for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results for the entire year. These interim financial statements do not include all disclosures required by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”), and should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto filed with the SEC in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020. In the opinion of management, the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements contained in this report include all known accruals and adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position, results of operations, and cash flows for the periods reported herein. Any such adjustments are of a normal recurring nature.

Noncontrolling Interest

In connection with our acquisitions of Bayonet Plumbing, Heating and Air-Conditioning, LLC (“Bayonet”) in fiscal 2021, NEXT Electric, LLC in fiscal 2017, and STR Mechanical, LLC in fiscal 2016, we acquired an 80 percent interest in each of the entities, with the remaining 20 percent interest in each such entity being retained by the respective third party seller. The interests retained by those third party sellers are identified on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as noncontrolling interest, classified outside of permanent equity. Under the terms of each entity’s operating agreement, after five years from the date of the acquisition, we may elect to purchase, or the third party seller may require us to purchase, part or all of the remaining 20 percent interest in the applicable entity. The purchase price is variable, based on a multiple of earnings as defined in the operating agreements. Therefore, this noncontrolling
11


interest is carried at the greater of the balance determined under Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 810 and the redemption amounts assuming the noncontrolling interests were redeemable at the balance sheet date. If all of these interests had been redeemable at March 31, 2021, the redemption amount would have been $12,874. During the three and six months ended March 31, 2021, we recorded a valuation adjustment to the balance sheet carrying value of noncontrolling interest of $621 and $503, respectively.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires the use of estimates and assumptions by management in determining the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosures of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Estimates are primarily used in our revenue recognition of construction in progress, fair value assumptions in accounting for business combinations and analyzing goodwill, investments, intangible assets and long-lived asset impairments and adjustments, allowance for credit losses, stock-based compensation, reserves for legal matters, realizability of deferred tax assets, unrecognized tax benefits and self-insured claims liabilities and related reserves.

Restricted Cash

Cash and cash equivalents subject to contractual restrictions and not readily available are classified as restricted cash. As of March 31, 2021, the Company's restricted cash balances of $4,813 represents cash in escrow for the repayment of a Paycheck Protection Program loan assumed in connection with a business combination completed during the six months ended March 31, 2021. Pending the outcome of an application for loan forgiveness, the cash in escrow will either be used to repay the loan or, if forgiveness is approved, will be paid to the selling shareholders of the acquired entity.

Accounting Standards Recently Adopted

In June 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standard Update No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (“ASU 2016-13”), which requires companies to consider historical experiences, current market conditions and reasonable and supportable forecasts in the measurement of expected credit losses, with further clarifications made in April 2019 and May 2019 with the issuances of Accounting Standard Updates No. 2019-04 and 2019-05. This update is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019 and for interim periods within those fiscal years. We adopted this standard on October 1, 2020, using a modified retrospective transition method through a cumulative-effect adjustment to beginning retained earnings in the period of adoption. As a result, we recorded an increase in the Allowance for Credit Losses of $284, an increase to Deferred Tax Assets of $70, and an increase of $214 to retained earnings.

ASU 2016-13 requires the recognition of expected credit losses on financial assets measured at amortized cost basis. In calculating our expected credit losses, we considered trade receivables, retainage, and costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings, all of which constitute a homogenous portfolio, and therefore, to measure the expected credit loss, they have been grouped together.

We have elected to calculate an expected credit loss based on loss rates from historical data. Each segment groups financial assets with similar risk characteristics and collectively assesses the expected credit losses. If an individual asset experiences credit deterioration to the extent the credit risk is no longer characteristic of the other assets in the group, it will be analyzed individually. The loss rates for our portfolios include our history of credit loss expense, the aging of our receivables, our expectation of payments and adjustment for forward-looking factors specific to the macroeconomic trends in the U.S. construction market.

Other than trade receivables due in one year or less, we do not have any other financial assets that are past due or are on non-accrual status.

In August 2018, the FASB issued Accounting Standard Update No. 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement Disclosure Framework (“ASU 2018-13”), to modify certain disclosure requirements for fair value measurements. Under the new guidance, registrants will need to disclose weighted average information for significant unobservable inputs for all Level 3 fair value measurements. The guidance does not specify how entities should calculate the weighted average, but requires them to explain their calculation. The new guidance also requires disclosing the changes in unrealized gains and losses for the period included in other comprehensive income for recurring Level 3 fair value measurements of instruments held at the end of the reporting period. This guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019 and for interim periods within those fiscal years. We adopted this standard on October 1, 2020, with no impact on our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

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Accounting Standards Not Yet Adopted

In December 2019, the FASB issued Accounting Standard Update No. 2019-12, “Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes.” This standard simplifies the accounting for income taxes by eliminating certain exceptions to the guidance in Topic 740 related to the approach for intraperiod tax allocation, the methodology for calculating income taxes in an interim period and the recognition of deferred tax liabilities for outside basis differences. The standard also simplifies aspects of the accounting for franchise taxes and enacted changes in tax laws or rates and clarifies the accounting for transactions that result in a step-up in the tax basis of goodwill. This update is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020 and interim periods within that year. Early adoption is permitted. We expect to adopt this standard on October 1, 2021, and do not expect it to have a material impact on our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

2. CONTROLLING STOCKHOLDER

Tontine Associates, L.L.C. ("Tontine Associates"), together with its affiliates (collectively, “Tontine”), is the Company’s controlling stockholder, owning approximately 56 percent of the Company’s outstanding common stock according to a Form 4 filed by Tontine with the SEC on March 11, 2021. Accordingly, Tontine has the ability to exercise significant control over our affairs, including the election of directors and most actions requiring the approval of stockholders.

While Tontine is subject to certain restrictions under federal securities laws on sales of its shares as an affiliate, the Company has filed a shelf registration statement to register all of the shares of IES common stock owned by Tontine at the time of registration. As long as the shelf registration statement remains effective and the Company remains eligible to use it, Tontine has the ability to resell any or all of its registered shares from time to time in one or more offerings, as described in the shelf registration statement and in any prospectus supplement filed in connection with an offering pursuant to the shelf registration statement.

Should Tontine sell or otherwise dispose of all or a portion of its position in IES, a change in ownership of IES could occur. A change in ownership, as defined by Internal Revenue Code Section 382, could reduce the availability of the Company’s net operating losses (“NOLs”) for federal and state income tax purposes. On November 8, 2016, the Company implemented a tax benefit protection plan (the “NOL Rights Plan”). The NOL Rights Plan is designed to deter an acquisition of the Company's stock in excess of a threshold amount that could trigger a change in ownership within the meaning of Internal Revenue Code Section 382. There can be no assurance that the NOL Rights Plan will be effective in deterring a change in ownership or protecting the NOLs. Furthermore, a change of control would trigger the change of control provisions in a number of our material agreements, including our credit agreement, bonding agreements with our sureties and our executive severance plan.

Jeffrey L. Gendell was appointed as Chief Executive Officer of the Company effective October 1, 2020, having served as the Company's Interim Chief Executive Officer since July 31, 2020. Mr. Gendell also serves as Chairman of the Company's Board of Directors (the "Board"), a position he has held since November 2016. He is the managing member and founder of Tontine, and the brother of David B. Gendell, who has served as a member of our Board since February 2012, and who previously served as Interim Director of Operations from November 2017 to January 2019, as Vice Chairman of the Board from November 2016 to November 2017 and as Chairman of the Board from January 2015 to November 2016. David B. Gendell was an employee of Tontine from 2004 until December 31, 2017.

The Company is party to a sublease agreement with Tontine Associates for corporate office space in Greenwich, Connecticut. The sublease extends through February 27, 2023, with monthly payments due in the amount of approximately $8. Payments by the Company are at a rate consistent with that paid by Tontine Associates to its landlord.

On December 6, 2018, the Company entered into a Board Observer Letter Agreement (the "Observer Agreement") with Tontine Associates in order to assist Tontine in managing its investment in the Company. Subject to the terms and conditions set forth in the Observer Agreement, the Company granted Tontine the right, at any time that Tontine holds at least 20% of the outstanding common stock of the Company, to appoint a representative to serve as an observer to the Board (the “Board Observer”). The Board Observer, who must be reasonably acceptable to those members of the Board who are not affiliates of Tontine, shall have no voting rights or other decision making authority. Subject to the terms and conditions set forth in the Observer Agreement, so long as Tontine has the right to appoint a Board Observer, the Board Observer will have the right to attend and participate in meetings of the Board and the committees thereof, subject to confidentiality requirements, and to receive reimbursement for reasonable out-of-pocket expenses incurred in his or her capacity as a Board Observer and such rights to coverage under the Company’s directors’ and officers’ liability insurance policy as are available to the Company’s directors.


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3. REVENUE RECOGNITION

Contracts

Our revenue is derived from contracts with customers, and we determine the appropriate accounting treatment for each contract at its inception. Our contracts primarily relate to electrical and mechanical contracting services, technology infrastructure products and services, and electro-mechanical solutions for industrial operations. Revenue is earned based upon an agreed fixed price or actual costs incurred plus an agreed upon percentage.

We account for a contract when: (i) it has approval and commitment from both parties, (ii) the rights of the parties are identified, (iii) payment terms are identified, (iv) the contract has commercial substance, and (v) collectability of consideration is probable. We consider the start of a project to be when the above criteria have been met and we have written authorization from the customer to proceed.

Performance Obligations

A performance obligation is a promise in a contract to transfer a distinct good or service to the customer. A contract’s transaction price is allocated to each distinct performance obligation and recognized as revenue when, or as, the performance obligation is satisfied.

We recognize revenue over time for the majority of the services we perform as (i) control continuously transfers to the customer as work progresses at a project location controlled by the customer and (ii) we have the right to bill the customer as costs are incurred. Within our Infrastructure Solutions segment, we often perform work inside our own facilities, where control does not continuously transfer to the customer as work progresses. In such cases, we evaluate whether we have the right to bill the customer as costs are incurred. Such assessment involves an evaluation of contractual termination clauses. Where we have a contractual right to payment for work performed to date, we recognize revenue over time. If we do not have such a right, we recognize revenue upon completion of the contract, when control of the work transfers to the customer.

For fixed price arrangements, we use the percentage of completion method of accounting under which revenue recognized is measured principally by the costs incurred and accrued to date for each contract as a percentage of the estimated total cost for each contract at completion. Contract costs include all direct material, labor and indirect costs related to contract performance. Changes in job performance, job conditions, estimated contract costs and profitability and final contract settlements may result in revisions to costs and income, and the effects of these revisions are recognized in the period in which the revisions are determined. Provisions for estimated losses on uncompleted contracts are made in the period in which such losses are determined. This measurement and comparison process requires updates to the estimate of total costs to complete the contract, and these updates may include subjective assessments and judgments.
 
Variable Consideration

The transaction price for our contracts may include variable consideration, which includes changes to transaction price for approved and unapproved change orders, claims and incentives. Change orders, claims and incentives are generally not distinct from the existing contract due to the significant integration service provided in the context of the contract and are accounted for as a modification of the existing contract and performance obligation. We estimate variable consideration for a performance obligation at the probability weighted value we expect to receive (or the most probable amount we expect to incur in the case of liquidated damages, if any), utilizing estimation methods that best predict the amount of consideration to which we will be entitled (or will be incurred in the case of liquidated damages, if any). We include variable consideration in the estimated transaction price to the extent it is probable that a significant reversal of cumulative revenue recognized will not occur or when the uncertainty associated with the variable consideration is resolved. Our estimates of variable consideration and determination of whether to include estimated amounts in transaction price are based largely on an assessment of our anticipated performance and all information (historical, current and forecasted) that is reasonably available to us. The effect of variable consideration on the transaction price of a performance obligation is recognized as an adjustment to revenue on a cumulative catch-up basis. To the extent unapproved change orders and claims reflected in transaction price (or accounted for as a reduction of the transaction price in the case of liquidated damages) are not resolved in our favor, or to the extent incentives reflected in transaction price are not earned, there could be reductions in, or reversals of, previously recognized revenue.

Costs of Obtaining a Contract

In certain of our operations, we incur commission costs related to entering into a contract that we only incurred because of that contract. When this occurs, we capitalize that cost and amortize it over the expected term of the contract. At March 31, 2021, we had capitalized commission costs of $94.
 
We generally do not incur significant incremental costs related to obtaining or fulfilling a contract prior to the start of a project. When
14


significant pre-contract costs are incurred, they will be capitalized and amortized on a percentage of completion basis over the life of the contract.

Disaggregation of Revenue

We disaggregate our revenue from contracts with customers by activity and contract type, as these categories reflect how the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of our revenue and cash flows are affected by economic factors. Our consolidated revenue for the three and six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 was derived from the following activities. See details in the following tables:

Three Months Ended March 31,Six Months Ended March 31,
2021202020212020
Communications$94,886 $95,990 $193,242 $180,279 
Residential
Single-family100,476 58,958 172,602 113,832 
Multi-family and Other49,860 41,069 97,225 78,923 
Total Residential150,336 100,027 269,827 192,755 
Infrastructure Solutions
Industrial Services10,548 10,724 20,588 21,835 
Custom Power Solutions24,168 18,576 48,529 38,748 
Total Infrastructure Solutions34,716 29,300 69,117 60,583 
Commercial & Industrial52,023 65,960 114,613 133,703 
Total Revenue$331,961 $291,277 $646,799 $567,320 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
CommunicationsResidentialInfrastructure SolutionsCommercial & IndustrialTotal
Fixed-price$68,551 $150,336 $32,959 $49,003 $300,849 
Time-and-material26,335  1,757 3,020 31,112 
Total revenue$94,886 $150,336 $34,716 $52,023 $331,961 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2020
CommunicationsResidentialInfrastructure SolutionsCommercial & IndustrialTotal
Fixed-price$71,377 $100,027 $29,276 $62,779 $263,459 
Time-and-material24,613  24 3,181 27,818 
Total revenue$95,990 $100,027 $29,300 $65,960 $291,277 

Six Months Ended March 31, 2021
CommunicationsResidentialInfrastructure SolutionsCommercial & IndustrialTotal
Fixed-price$144,565 $269,827 $65,623 $109,690 $589,705 
Time-and-material48,677  3,494 4,923 57,094 
Total revenue$193,242 $269,827 $69,117 $114,613 $646,799 
Six Months Ended March 31, 2020
CommunicationsResidentialInfrastructure SolutionsCommercial & IndustrialTotal
Fixed-price$133,404 $192,755 $58,767 $126,614 $511,540 
Time-and-material46,875  1,816 7,089 55,780 
Total revenue$180,279 $192,755 $60,583 $133,703 $567,320 


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Accounts Receivable

Accounts receivable include amounts which we have billed or have an unconditional right to bill our customers. As of March 31, 2021, Accounts receivable included $12,302 of unbilled receivables for which we have an unconditional right to bill.

Contract Assets and Liabilities

Project contracts typically provide for a schedule of billings on percentage of completion of specific tasks inherent in the fulfillment of our performance obligation(s). The schedules for such billings usually do not precisely match the schedule on which costs are incurred. As a result, contract revenue recognized in the statement of operations can and usually does differ from amounts that can be billed to the customer at any point during the contract. Amounts by which cumulative contract revenue recognized on a contract as of a given date exceeds cumulative billings and unbilled receivables to the customer under the contract are reflected as a current asset in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet under the caption “Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings”. Amounts by which cumulative billings to the customer under a contract as of a given date exceed cumulative contract revenue recognized are reflected as a current liability in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet under the caption “Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings”.

During the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, we recognized revenue of $28,385 and $21,473 related to our contract liabilities at January 1, 2021 and 2020, respectively. During the six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, we recognized revenue of $33,740 and $26,403 related to our contract liabilities at October 1, 2020 and 2019, respectively.
 
We did not have any impairment losses recognized on our receivables or contract assets for the three and six months ended March 31, 2021 or 2020.
Remaining Performance Obligations

Remaining performance obligations represent the unrecognized revenue value of our contract commitments. New awards represent the total expected revenue value of new contract commitments undertaken during a given period, as well as additions to the scope of existing contract commitments. Our new performance obligations vary significantly each reporting period based on the timing of our major new contract commitments. At March 31, 2021, we had remaining performance obligations of $613,893. The Company expects to recognize revenue on approximately $458,306 of the remaining performance obligations over the next 12 months, with the remaining recognized thereafter.
 
For the three and six months ended March 31, 2021, net revenue recognized from our performance obligations satisfied in previous periods was not material.
4.  DEBT

At March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020, we had zero and $12, respectively, in borrowings outstanding under our revolving credit facility with Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. ("Wells Fargo"), and long-term debt related to loans on capital expenditures of $140 and $205, respectively. At March 31, 2021, we also had $6,964 in outstanding letters of credit and total availability of $93,036 under our revolving credit facility without triggering our financial covenants under the Amended Credit Agreement (as defined below).

The Company maintains a $100 million revolving credit facility that matures on September 30, 2024, pursuant to our Second Amended and Restated Credit and Security Agreement with Wells Fargo (as amended, the “Amended Credit Agreement”). The Amended Credit Agreement contains customary affirmative, negative and financial covenants as disclosed in Item 7 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2020. As of March 31, 2021, the Company was in compliance with the financial covenants under the Amended Credit Agreement.


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5. PER SHARE INFORMATION

The following tables reconcile the components of basic and diluted earnings per share for the three and six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020:
Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
Numerator:
Net income attributable to common stockholders of IES Holdings, Inc.$12,207 $6,175 
Increase (decrease) in noncontrolling interest621 (45)
Net income attributable to restricted stockholders of IES Holdings, Inc.8 101 
Net income attributable to IES Holdings, Inc.$12,836 $6,231 
Denominator:
Weighted average common shares outstanding — basic20,780,006 20,847,245 
Effect of dilutive stock options and non-vested securities291,053 275,065 
Weighted average common and common equivalent shares outstanding — diluted
21,071,059 21,122,310 
Earnings per share attributable to common stockholders of IES Holdings, Inc.:
Basic$0.59$0.30
Diluted$0.58$0.29


Six Months Ended March 31,
20212020
Numerator:
Net income attributable to common stockholders of IES Holdings, Inc.$24,411 $14,510 
Increase in noncontrolling interest503  
Net income attributable to restricted stockholders of IES Holdings, Inc.20 223 
Net income attributable to IES Holdings, Inc.$24,934 $14,733 
Denominator:
Weighted average common shares outstanding — basic20,756,879 20,865,460 
Effect of dilutive stock options and non-vested securities302,209 267,059 
Weighted average common and common equivalent shares outstanding — diluted21,059,088 21,132,519 
Earnings per share attributable to common stockholders of IES Holdings, Inc.:
Basic$1.18$0.70
Diluted$1.16$0.69

For the three and six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, the average price of our common shares exceeded the exercise price of all of our outstanding options; therefore, all of our outstanding stock options were included in the computation of fully diluted earnings per share.


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6. OPERATING SEGMENTS

We manage and measure performance of our business in four distinct operating segments: Communications, Residential, Infrastructure Solutions, and Commercial & Industrial. These segments are reflective of how the Company’s Chief Operating Decision Maker (“CODM”) reviews operating results for the purpose of allocating resources and assessing performance. The Company’s CODM is its Chief Executive Officer.

Transactions between segments, if any, are eliminated in consolidation. Our corporate office provides general and administrative services, as well as support services, to our four operating segments. Management allocates certain shared costs between segments for selling, general and administrative expenses and depreciation expense.

Segment information for the three and six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 is as follows:

Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
CommunicationsResidentialInfrastructure SolutionsCommercial & IndustrialCorporateTotal
Revenues$94,886 $150,336 $34,716 $52,023 $ $331,961 
Cost of services75,339 120,146 25,161 46,441  267,087 
Gross profit19,547 30,190 9,555 5,582  64,874 
Selling, general and administrative9,615 21,609 6,242 6,744 3,445 47,655 
Contingent consideration— 73 — — — 73 
Loss (gain) on sale of assets 52 (26)(8) 18 
Operating income (loss)$9,932 $8,456 $3,339 $(1,154)$(3,445)$17,128 
Other data:
Depreciation and amortization expense$347 $3,205 $1,554